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What route should we choose when visiting the Danube Delta?

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After a 2840 km trip, the Danube creates the most beautiful delta in the world: The Danube Delta. This process lasts for over 16 000 years, the Danube gathers all rivers from Europe and it poures them in the Danube Delta, one of the most humid area of the planet. Today it's considered the newest form of relief in Romania and since 1990 it's in UNESCO heritage.

The Danube Delta is the result of the interaction between the river and the sea, in the Holocene, when the Danube formed a bay. At the mouth of the bay, bordered to the north by Jibrieni promontory and to the south by Murighiol-Dunavat promotory, originally formed Caraorman-Letea Cord. This closed the Tulcea Bay - which was changed into a lagoon. The clooging process of the lagoon, with alluvial material, lead to its transformation into a swampy area, where the Danube created the St. George branch.

The second branch of the Danube, Sulina, developed by blocking the St George branch. The Sulina branch took a feed from the increasing sediments and created it's own delta: The Sulina Delta. In the south a small secundary delta was created, Cosnei Delta, due to a secondary branch, the Dunavat Branch. The Sulina Delta was gradually eroded, meanwhile Chilia Branch (to the north) and St George Branch (to the south) built their own deltas: Chilia Delta and St George II Delta. These are made of sedimentary material, the materials carried by the seas' current accumulated north from Chilia Branch - Jibrieni formation. The last rising of the Black Sea's level lead to the creation of the current delta.

”It's the most spectacular and unusual romanian world, an island, neither water nor land.”

Who visited this area knows that The Danube Delta is a wild paradise, with unique flora and fauna, here the sun and time have other dimensions. One of the most important touristic attractions are: Letea Forest, Nebunu Lake, Letea - a village with ethnic architecture, ukrainian influence C.A. Rosetti, romanian influence Periprava, russian-ukrainian influence Murghiol, Mila 23, Pelican touristic complex, Histria Citadel. The trips can be made by floating hotels or by boat and you can stay in the homes of locals, in hostels, hotels or even on a boat. More details in the next number.

If you want to discover the Danube Delta on your own or with your own boat, inland waterways and land routes are listed on the officiat website of Danube Delta Biosphere Reservation:

bla1.jpg

Waterway routes:

Route 1: Tulcea – Garla Sontea – Mila 23 – Crisan – Tulcea; this route can be also made this way: Tulcea – Gorgova – Mila 23 – Crisan – Tulcea

Route 2: Tulcea – Litcov Channel – Crisan – Tulcea

Route 3: Tulcea – Stipoc Channel – Chilia Veche – Tulcea

Route 4: Tulcea (Casla Lake) – Garla Somova – Saon Monastery (Telincea Lake) – Tulcea

Route 5: Murighiol – Dranov Channel – Gura Portiţei – Dunavat Channel– Murighiol

Route 6: Murighiol – Dunavat Channel – Cocos Channel – Mustaca Channel – Ring Channel – Dranov Channel – Murighiol

Route 7: Murighiol – Uzlina – Uzlina Lake – Isac Lake – Garla Perivolovca – Murighiol

Route 8: Murighiol – Uzlina – Litcov Channel – Crisan Channel – Puiu Lake – Erenciuc Lake – Murighiol

Route 9: Crisan – Red Lake – Sulina – Crisan

Route 10: Crisan – Mila 23 – Trei Iezere Lake – Crisan

Route 11: Crisan – Magearu Channel – Sulina – Crisan

Route 12: Chilia Veche – Sulimanca Channel – Matita Lake – Radacinoasele Channel – Chilia Veche

Route 13: Sulina – Cardon Channel – Periprava – Musura Bay – Sulina

Route 14: Sulina – Busurca Channel – Red Lake – Erenciuc Lake – St. George – Cordon Channel Litoral – Sulina

Route 15: St. George - Garla Turceasca, to the entry of Meleaua St. George – St. George

Land routes:

Route D1: Letea (Sfistofca) – Nebunu Lake - Letea

Route D2: Caraorman – Caraorman Forest

Route D3: Murighiol – Saraturi Lake – Murighiol

Route D4: Tulcea (Tudor Vladimirescu) – Sireasa Channel – Mila 35 Channel – Tulcea

Route D5: Nuntasi – Histria Citadel – Nuntasi

Routel D6: Sulina – Sulina Beach

Route D7: Sulina Beach

Route D8: Natura Trail (St. George)

Route D9: St. George- Casla Vadanei

The Letea Forest and The Caraorman Forest are fully protected areas, this can be visited only for scientific purpuses. Only researchers and specialized groups are allowed in these areas and only accompanied by an official from the Reserve Administration.

Photo source: ddbra.ro

Author: Oana Vasiliu

Translated by Ana Maria Andronache

Published in: noiembrie 2012
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